Why does PCOS/PCOD cause weight gain?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects women and can cause weight gain. It is characterised by high levels of androgens (male hormones) in the body, irregular or absent periods, and the presence of small cysts on the ovaries. The exact cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.
One of the main features of PCOS is insulin resistance, which means that the body’s cells do not respond properly to the hormone insulin. This can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels, which can cause weight gain. PCOS can also cause an imbalance in other hormones, such as leptin, which regulates appetite and metabolism, and ghrelin, which controls hunger. This hormonal imbalance can also contribute to weight gain.
In addition, PCOS can cause inflammation in the body, leading to weight gain. Chronic inflammation can also contribute to the development of other conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
Lifestyle factors, such as a lack of physical activity and an unhealthy diet, can also contribute to weight gain in people with PCOS. It is important for people with PCOS to focus on maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular physical activity and a balanced diet, to help manage their symptoms and prevent weight gain.
Obesity is a common complication of PCOS, and weight gain can be a challenging symptom to manage. However, losing weight can improve many of the symptoms associated with PCOS, including irregular periods, fertility issues, and insulin resistance. Losing weight can also help to lower the risk of developing other health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease.
If you have PCOS and are struggling with weight gain, it is essential to speak with your doctor or healthcare provider. They can help you develop a plan to manage your weight and address other symptoms of PCOS. This may include a combination of diet, exercise, and medication.