Obesity body weight is becoming a huge problem in people of all ages across the world. This is a condition that leads to multiple other diseases ranging from diabetes to hypertension. Obesity has become like an uncontrollable plague with a 300% increase in the number of patients over the past 4 decades.
Obesity is a medical condition where excess body fat has stored and having a negative effect on your health. In general, overweight & obesity indicate a weight greater than what is healthy. Obesity is a never-ending condition defined by an excess of body fat in your body. A certain amount of body fat is necessary for storing energy, heat insulation, shock absorption, and other body functions.
2. What defines Obesity?
The term Body Mass Index best defines obesity. Body mass index is a value derived from your weight and height. Your height and weight determine the body mass index. BMI is defined as the bodyweight divided by the square of your body height and is universally expressed in units of kg. Since BMI describes body weight relative to height, there is a strong connection with your total body fat content.
The body mass index is now the measurement of choice for many physicians and researchers studying obesity. The BMI uses a mathematical formula that accounts for both of your weight & height.
The BMI measurement, however, gives some of the same problems as the weight-for-height tables. BMI will not provide information on your percentage of body fat. Like the weight-for-height table, BMI is a useful general guide& is a good estimator of body fat for most adults of18to 70 years of age. However, it will not be a correct measurement of body fat for bodybuilders, certain athletes, and pregnant women.
The BMI is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by height in meters. It is important for you to learn what healthy weight means. Healthy weight is a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 19 and less than 25 among all people age 20 years and above. In general, Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 30.
Below is a standard classification system of BMI to define overweight and obesity.
- BMI at 25 to 29.9 is defined as a pre-obese.
- BMI at30 to 34.99 is defined as obese class I
- BMI at35 to 39.99 is defined as obese class II
- BMI at or greater than 40.00 is defined as obese class III
The table here has already done the math & metric conversions. With this table, you can find the appropriate height in the left-hand column. Move across the row to the given weight. The number at the top of the column is the BMI for that height & weight respectively.
3. Health risks associated with obesity.?
Obesity is harmful to your health as it is a risk factor for many conditions. In India, roughly 1,12,000 deaths per year are related to obesity and most of these deaths are in patients with a BMI over 30. Patients with a BMI of more than 40 have a reduced life expectancy. Obesity also increases the risk of developing several diseases, which are as follows:
Insulin resistance: Insulin is necessary for the transport of glucose (sugar) in the blood into the cells of muscle and fat (which the body uses for energy). By transporting glucose into cells, insulin keeps the blood sugar levels in the normal range.
Insulin resistance (IR) is the condition where there is less insulin effect in transporting glucose (sugar) into cells. Fat cells resist insulin more than muscle cells; therefore, one important cause of insulin resistance is obesity. The pancreas initially responds to insulin resistance by generating more insulin. As long as the pancreas can produce enough insulin to overcome the resistance, blood sugar levels remain normal. This insulin resistance state (characterized by normal blood sugar levels and high insulin levels) can last for years. Once the pancreas stops producing high levels of insulin, blood sugar levels begin to rise, resulting in type 2 diabetes, thus insulin resistance is a pre-diabetes condition.
Type 2 diabetes: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases with the degree & duration of obesity. Type 2 diabetes is linked with central obesity; a person with central obesity has excess fat around his/her waist (apple-shaped figure).
High blood pressure (hypertension): Hypertension is common among obese adults. Weight gain will increase blood pressure in women more than in men.
High cholesterol and Heart attack: The risk of developing coronary artery disease increases3 to 4 times in women who has a BMI greater than 29. OneKG increase in body weight will risk the death from coronary artery disease by 1%. People who have already had a heart attack, obesity is associated with a chance of a second heart attack.
Cancer: Obesity is a risk factor for cancer in both men and women.
4. Most common causes of obesity?
The balance between calorie intake & energy spent determines your weight. If you eat more calories than you burn (metabolize), you gain weight (the body will store the excess energy as fat). If you eat fewer calories than you metabolize, you will lose weight. Hence, the most common causes of obesity are overeating & physical inactivity. Ultimately, body weight is the result of genetics, metabolism, behavior, environment, and culture.
Physical inactivity: Inactive people burn fewer calories than people who are active. There is a strong connection between physical inactivity and weight gain in both genders.
Overeating: Overeating leads to your weight gain, mainly if the diet is high in fat. Foods high in fat/sugar (for example, fast food, fried food & sweets) have high energy density (foods that have a lot of calories in a small amount of food). Diets high in fat contribute to your weight gain.
Genetics: You will more likely to develop obesity if one or both parents are obese. Genetics also affects hormones involved in fat regulation.
A diet high in simple carbohydrates: The role of carbohydrates in weight gain is clear. Carbohydrates increase blood sugar levels, which in turn stimulate insulin release by the pancreas, and insulin promotes the growth of fat tissue and can cause your weight gain. Simple carbohydrates (sugars, fructose, soft drinks, desserts, wine, beer, etc.) contribute to weight gain because they are more rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream than complex carbohydrates (pasta, brown rice, grains, vegetables, raw fruits, etc.)
Frequency of eating: The relationship between your frequency of eating (how often you eat) and weight is somewhat linked. There are many reports of overweight people eating less than people of normal weight. People who eat small meals 4 or 5 times daily have lower cholesterol levels &stable blood sugar levels than people who eat less frequently (two or three large meals daily). Small frequent meals produce stable insulin levels, whereas large meals cause large spikes of insulin after meals.
Psychological factors: For some people, emotions influence eating habits. Many people eat excessively in response to emotions like boredom, stress, sadness or anger. Though most overweight people have no more psychological disturbances than normal-weight people, about 31% of the people who seek treatment for serious weight problems have difficulties with overeating.
Social issues: There is a link between social issues and obesity. Lack of money to buy healthy foods or lack of secure places to walk or exercise can raise the risk of obesity.
5. What is the role of diet in the treatment of obesity?
The first aim of dieting is to stop your additional weight gain. The next aim is to establish realistic weight-loss goals. While the ideal weight matches to a BMI of 20-25, this is difficult to achieve for many people. Therefore, success is higher when a goal is set to lose 10%-15% of baseline weight as on to 20%-30% or greater. It is important to remember that weight reduction in an obese person would result in many health benefits.
One effective way to lose weight is to eat lesser calories. Most adults need calories between 1,200-2,800 per day, depending on the body size & activity level to meet the body’s energy needs.
If you skip that bowl of ice cream, then you will be one-seventh of the way to losing that weight! Losing 1KG per week is a safe and reasonable way to take off extra pounds. The higher your initial weight, the more quickly you will achieve weight loss. This is because, for every 1 KG of your body weight, approximately 22 calories are required to maintain that weight. Thus for a woman weighing 100 kilograms, he/she would require about 2,200 calories a day to maintain the weight, while a person weighing 60 kilograms would require only about 1,320 calories. In case, both ate a calorie-restricted diet of 1,200 calories per day, the heavier person would reduce weight faster. Age also is a factor in your calorie expenditure. The metabolic rate tends to slow as we age, so the older a person is the harder it is to decrease weight.
There is a disagreement in regard to carbohydrates (low carbohydrate diet) and your weight loss. When carbohydrates are restricted, people often experience rapid initial weight loss within the first 2 weeks. This weight loss is mainly due to fluid loss. When carbohydrates are included back to the diet, weight gain occurs, simply due to a regain of the fluid.
Other diets such as low-fat diets show the same pattern of weight loss that is difficult to maintain if there are no additional general lifestyle changes.
6. How to choose a safe and successful weight-loss program?
Scientists have made tremendous efforts in understanding obesity and in improving the medication treatment of this important disease. In time, better, safer and more effective obesity medications might be available. But currently, there is no magic cure to your obesity. The best and safest way to lose your fat and keep it off is through a commitment to a lifelong process of proper diet and regular exercise which is thought of progeny weight Management.
The weight-loss program of Progen Weight Managementwilldefinitely work where they motivate you sufficiently to decrease the amount of calories you eat or increase the amount of calories you burn each day (or both). What essentials of a weight-loss program should you look for in judging its potential for safe and successful weight loss? A responsible and safe weight-loss program in Progen Weight Management will be able to document for you the five following features:
1. TheVLCK diet they follow is safe for you. It includes all the recommended daily allowances for vitamins, minerals, and protein. This weight-loss diet is low in calories (energy) only, not in essential foodstuffs.
2. This weight-loss program is directed towards a more rapid weight loss.
3. If you plan to lose more weight, have any health problems, or take medication on a regular basis, you will be evaluated by your doctors/dietitians at Progen Weight Management before beginning your weight-loss program. They can assess your general health and any medical conditions that might be affected by dieting and weight loss. Also, a physician will advise you on the need for weight loss, the appropriateness of the weight-loss program, and a sensible goal of weight loss for you. If you plan to use a very-low-calorie ketogenic diet you can do so under the close supervision of the health care professionals at Progen Weight Management.
4. Your program will include plans for weight maintenance after the weight-loss stage is over. Weight maintenance is the most difficult part of controlling weight and is consistently implemented in weight-loss programs at Progen. The program you select at Progen will help you permanently change your dietary habits, level of physical activity and will alter your lifestyle that may have contributed to weight gain in the past. Your program will provide behavior modification help, including education in healthy eating habits and long-term plans to deal with weight problems. One of the most important factors in maintaining a weight loss is to increase daily physical activity. Progen suggests that you need to be more active throughout the day and incorporate some simple calorie-burners into your everyday routine. Even the very basic activities (such as taking an after-dinner walk, using the stairs at the office or mall instead of taking an elevator or escalator, park your car far away so you can have a longer walk) can get you prepared for more regular exercises like walking/jogging. You can choose to incorporate an individually tailored exercise program into your schedule offered by Progen Weight Management.
This weight-loss program will also provide a detailed statement of fees and costs of additional items such as dietary supplements.
Obesity is a never-ending condition. Too often it is viewed as a temporary problem that can be treated for a few months with a tough diet. On the other hand, as most overweight people know, weight control must be considered a lifelong effort.
To maintain your weight forever in a safe and effective way, join Progen Weight Management now, here Progen addresses the Rapid weight loss instantly for the long term with the help of the VLCK diet. They also have a multidisciplinary team that will assist you in the entire weight loss journey and can stay fit and healthy forever.
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